CHRISTMAS IN SWEDEN
Christmas begins in Sweden with the Saint Lucia ceremony. Before dawn on the morning of 13 December, the youngest
daughter from each family puts on a white robe with a red sash. She wears a crown of evergreens with tall-lighted
candles attached to it. She wakes her parents, and serves them with coffee and Lucia buns. The other children
accompany her. The boys dressed as star boys in long white shirts and pointed hats.
The custom goes back to Lucia, a Christian virgin martyred for her beliefs at Syracuse in the fourth century.
The Saint Lucia ceremony is fairly recent, but it represents the traditional thanksgiving for the return of the sun.
Often she is followed by star boys, who wear pointed hats, and carry star wands.
Candle-lit processions to Church feature Scandinavian Christmases, where, in the home, it is mother who always
lights the candles on Christmas Eve. Christmas trees are usually found in Swedish homes two days before Christmas.
Decoration may include candles, apples, Swedish flags, small gnomes wearing red tasseled caps, straw ornaments.
The houses may filled with red tulips and smell like pepparkakor, which is a heart-star, or goat-shaped gingerbread
Swedish Julafton, or Christmas Eve dinner may be a smorgasbord, or buffet with julskinka, or Christmas ham,
pickled pigs feet,lutfisk, or dried codfish, and many different kinds of sweets. Risgryngrot a special rice porridge,
has hidden in it an almond which as tradition has it the person who finds the almond in his or her bowl will marry in
the coming year.
Christmas trees are usually brought into Swedish homes one or two days before Christmas. Decorations include: candles,
apples, Swedish flags, small gnomes and tasseled caps, and straw ornaments. The house may be filled with red tulips and
the smell of pepparkakor - a heart-star, or goat-shaped gingerbread biscuits.
After Christmas Eve dinner, a friend or family member dresses up as tomte or Christmas gnome. The tomte,
unlike Santa Claus is supposed to live under the floorboards of the house or barn and ride a straw goat. The make-believe
tomte, wearing a white beard and dressed in red robes, distributes gifts from his sack. Many are given with funny
rhyme that hints at the contents.
Swedes eat lye-treated codfish and welcome the Christmas elves and the julbok which is the Christmas goat, who
is responsible for the distributing of the presents.In Sweden Jultomten, a little brownie helps Santa Claus give
gifts to the children who have been good. On Christmas morning, churches are lit up entirely by candles for the Christmas
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