CHRISTMAS IN BRAZIL
Brazilians are a mix of different ethnic people, and as a former Portuguese colony, they have many Christmas customs
which originate from this heritage.
One tradition is to create a nativity scene or PresÚpio. The word originates from the Hebrew word "presepium" which
means the bed of straw upon which Jesus first slept in Bethlehem. The PresÚpio is common in northeastern Brazil.
Nowadays presÚpios are set up in December and displayed in churches, homes, and stores.
Papai Noel or Father Noel is the gift-bringer in Brazil. According to legend, he lives in Greenland. When he arrives
in Brazil, he usually wears silk clothing due to the summer heat.
A huge Christmas dinner includes turkey, ham, colored rice, and wonderful vegetables and fruit dishes.
Devout Catholics often attend Midnight Mass or Missa do Galo. The mass has this name because the rooster
announces the coming day and the Missa do Galo finishes at 1 AM on Christmas morning! On December 25th, Catholics
go to church, but the masses are mostly late afternoon, because people enjoy sleeping late after the dinner
called Ceia de Natal or going to the beach.
Decorations include fresh flowers picked from the garden. Fireworks go off in the skies over the cites and huge
Christmas "trees" of electric lights can be seen against the night skies in major cities such as Brasilia, San Paolo,
and Rio de Janeiro.
In Brazil there is folk dancing and singing and the festivities go on until January 6th, which the Brazilians
refer to as Three Kings Day. January 6th is supposed to be the day when three wise men visited Jesus to bring him gifts.
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